Territorial Glossary

The Glossary explains essential terms used in this platform. All terms can be explained in many different ways but we use the territorial or spatial lens. Terms in italic are new terms introduced by TCi. All other terms are defined using a variety of sources that are all listed in Sources.

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Agglomeration economies: Competitive advantages that accrue to business from location in a large urban centre or city region -e.g. access to a larger market for labour and for the sale of products. Also there are advantages of access to capital and knowledge.

Circular economy:

City region: The area within which the connections between one or more cities and the surrounding rural land are intense and functionally (economically, socially, politically and geographoically) connected. These areas are typically 80-100 km across and occupy up to 10,000 km2.

Multi-level governance:

Participatory budgeting:

Territorialism territorialist): Enabling and achieving the best possible balance between all competing territorial functions in a given territory or space, within the parameters of sustainable development as defined by the UN and its Sustainable Development Goals. Territorialism strongly related to ‘spatial planning’ but by omitting the term ‘planning’, territorialists reduce the focus on planning and increase the focus on enabling spatial quality through a wider spectrum of means.

Territorial capital:


Territorial justice: Territorial administrators must follow fair procedures when taking place-bound decisions, and those affected should have the right to review or appeal decisions and be given reasons for the decision. Decisions should be transparent and free of any prejudice or partiality.